If you’ve done any research about CBD, it’s likely that you’ve heard about third party lab reports. But, why are they important? The only way to truly know what’s in a bottle of CBD oil is to read the third party lab reports since the present-day cannabis industry is largely unregulated. Manufacturers and sellers of the herb can practically get away with anything in terms of how they label their product. The third party lab results will give you an unbiased verification of the product purity, the cannabinoid and terpene profile and whether harmful toxins may be present.
Since they provide such valuable product information, we recommend that you only buy CBD oil from companies who make third party lab reports readily available. All reputable brands make them easily available either on their website or upon request.
However, reading CBD oil third party labs can often be a challenge even for experienced users. The purpose of this article is to explain the different sections commonly found in third party lab reports to help you read and interpret them.
Cannabinoid Profile & Potency Testing
Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found in cannabis. This section of the lab report tells you which cannabinoids were detected in the test and at what levels. You’ll see separate line items for cannabinoids including CBD, THC, CBG, CBC and CBN.
This section is important because it tells you exactly how much CBD is in the product. It’s also very helpful if you are looking for products with higher or lower levels of certain cannabinoids.
Heavy Metal, Mycotoxin & Pesticide Testing
It’s obviously important to know that the product doesn’t include harmful levels of metals, pesticides and other substances that could cause negative side effects. These sections of the lab report will show detected levels of each substance. And will generally give a “PASS” or “FAIL” status for each one based on acceptable limits.
Residual Solvents Testing
This section shows detected levels of residual solvents such as propane, butane, pentane and other potentially dangerous solvents.
Terpenes are the naturally-occurring oils that give cannabis its aromatic and flavor diversity. Like cannabinoids, terpenes bind to receptors in the brain and have various effects. Different products have different terpene profiles. So this section is important to see what terpenes were detected in the product and at what levels.
CBD lab reports are actually pretty simple to interpret, as long as you know the compounds you should be looking for, the ones that are naturally occurring in the raw material.